As accepted by Watt, bearing children during her 40s is by no means impossible for a woman. Khadijah entrusted a friend named Nafisa to approach Muhammad and ask if he would consider marrying. In terms of explicit narrations the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion is based on the following two accounts. "He is Ali son of Abu Talib. [16], Khadijah married three times and had children from all her marriages. Notice: It seems you have Javascript disabled in your Browser. It has come under the title Nasab Quraish. Yet, that did not bother the Prophet (SAW) one bit. Prophet Muhammad (saw) was 50 years old at the time of Hazrat Khadija’s death. 1096, [17] Al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din, Tadrib al-Rawi fi Sharh Taqrib al-Nawawi, Dar al-Tayba, n.d., Vol.1, 198, [18] Ibn Taymiyya, Majmu’a al-Fatawa, Madina: Kind Fahad Printing Press, 1995, Vol.27, 469, [19] Al-‘Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, Fath Al-Bari, Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifa, 1379 AH, Vol.11, 90; also see al-Dhahabi, Siyar al-A’lam al-Nubala, Vol.4, 383. "No, indeed," answered the guest. Muhammad and Khadijah were married monogamously for 25 years. Mus‘ab’s own work, one can see, has no comment on the age of Khadija. ولدت قبل الفيل بخمس عشرة سنة, Muhammad bin ‘Umar [al-Waqidi] narrated from Musa bin Shaiba, who narrated from ‘Umaira bint ‘Ubaidullah from Umm Sa’d bint Sa’d that Nafisa bint Munya said: … The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married and he was twenty-five years old. Muhammad's wives, or the wives of Muhammad, were the women married to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran.Muhammad was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid.After her death in 619 CE, he over time married … "When the sun started rising", he said, "I saw a man who came out of a place not far from us, faced the Kaaba and started performing his prayers. This is established with the scholars. It is narrated from multiple sources that he died at the age of 120 in the year 54 A.H.[12] This means he was thirteen years older than the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) which in turn proves that Khadija was fifteen years older than the Prophet (ﷺ) and, therefore, confirms the Forty-Year opinion. The Prophet's Meeting with Bahira: A Critical Study of Narrations, 5. This caravan experience earned Muhammad the honorific titles “Al-Sadiq ("the Truthful")” and Al-Amin ("the Trustworthy" or "Honest"). Khadija was buried in al-Hajun. However, some scholars report she was less than this, with opinions ranging from 28 to mid-30s. Hisham bin Muhammad [al-Kalbi] stated: The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married Khadija when he was twenty-five years old and Khadija was forty years old.[7]. [35] Before analyzing the claim let us see the full quote from the work cited in this connection. Luckily the work of Mus‘ab b. Khadijah, merchant who was the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad. By comparing the age of Ayesha with her sister Asma’ bint Abu-Bakr, we can find the age of Ayesha when she married the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HF). According to some/many traditions, he died c. AD 585 in the Sacrilegious War, but according to others, he was still alive when Khadijah married Muhammad in 595. [4][5] Khuwaylid also had a sister named Ume Habib binte Asad. ثم ولدت له مارية بنت شمعون بن إبراهيم، وهي القبطية التي أهداها إلى رسول الله – صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – المقوقس صاحب الإسكندرية، …, Al-Qasim was born to the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) and he was eldest of his children. 1122/1710).[33]. She had died three years before I married the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. [47] Al-‘Umri, Akram Diya, al-Sira al-Nabawiya al-Sahiha, Madina: Maktaba al-‘Ulum wa al-Hikam, 1994, 113, [48] See his video lecture, “Seerah of Prophet Muhammed Episode 9 – Marriage to Khadija & Re-building Kaa’ba”, Time Slice 21:39 – 24:44, [49] Ahmad, Hakim Niaz, Kashf al-Ghumma ‘an ‘Umar Umm al-Umma – Tahqiq ‘Umar Aisha, Karachi: Mashkur Academy, n.d., Vol.2, 3-5, [50] Al-Baghdadi, Khatib, Tarikh Baghdad, Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 2002, Vol.15, 11, [51] Al-Jahiz, Abu ‘Uthman, “Fakhar al-Sudan ‘ala al-Bidan” included in Rasa’il al-Jahiz, Cairo: Maktabat al-Khaniji, 1964, Vol.1, 213; elsewhere al-Jahiz records statements suggesting that Arab women used to maintain good looks till they were well advanced in age, al-Mahasin wa al-Aḍdad, Beirut: Maktaba al-Hilal, 187. At the time of the marriage, the Prophet SAW was twenty-five years old, while Khadijah was forty years old. The evidence for the popular Forty-Year opinion is of two types. At that time, Hazrat Sawda was 55 years old. ‘Aisha too is said to have mentioned that it was rare for women in fifties to be able to conceive except for the women of Quraish.[53]. [16], For the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion, the narration from Ibn ‘Abbas comes through the notorious link “Abu Salih – Muhammad bin Sa’ib al-Kalbi” which falls in the “chain of lies.”[17]. [19] (Sources disagree about number of children: Al-Tabari names eight; the earliest biography of Muhammad, by Ibn Ishaq, names seven children; most sources only identify six). Al-Waqidi, besides giving the numerous reports for the Forty-Year opinion, states: ونحن نقول ومن عندنا من أهل العلم إن خديجة ولدت قبل الفيل بخمس عشرة سنة. This is by no means impossible, but one would have thought it sufficiently unusual to merit comment; it is even the sort of thing that might well have been treated as miraculous. Living in this country, I have personally seen women having 10-12 children and a good majority of them were born after the woman crossed 40. All but one of the narrations for the Forty-Year opinion come through Muhammad bin ‘Umar al-Waqidi who, though severely criticized,[15] is known for his extensive knowledge and is recognized as indispensable when it comes to historical accounts about the biographic details of the companions and the campaigns of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ). [21] In addition, considering the cultural and intellectual situation in Hijaz and high position and status of Khadijah al-Kubra among other people, it would be highly improbable that she marry men from Banu Tamim and Banu Makhzum (the two “low” tribes). The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) married and consummated the marriage with 11 wives: 1. Furthermore, scholars have stated that al-Waqidi, despite the criticism he has received, is far better than the two al-Kalbis. At the time of the marriage Muhammad was 25 years old and Khadijah was 40 years old. It is said that when the Quraysh's trade caravan travelers gathered to embark upon their summer journey to Syria or winter journey to Yemen, Khadijah's caravan equalled the caravans of all other traders of the Quraysh put together. [20] Khadijah's uncle accepted the proposal, and the marriage took place. Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah (d. 2002) writes: According to most chroniclers, she was forty years old at that time, but Ibn Habib and Baladhuri assure us that she was only 28. قال هشام بن محمد: نكح رسول الله ص خديجة، وهو ابن خمس وعشرين سنة، وخديجة يومئذ ابنة أربعين سنة. Dealing with Revisionists' Contentions on the Age of 'Aisha, 3. "Is it, really?" For the Forty-Year opinion we have three reports from Hakim bin Hizam, one from Nafisa bint Munya, and a report each from al-Zuhri, al-Muttalib bin ‘Abdullah bin Hantab, Hisham bin Muhammad al-Kalbi, Hisham bin ‘Urwa, Muhammad bin Salih, and ‘Abdul Rahman bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz. Qur’an says ‘Ask People of the Book’: What and Why? In the past century, however, we have seen people using rationalist arguments based on biological contentions to undermine the Forty-Year opinion and highlight the other opinions. Were the Wives of the Prophet Dissatisfied with Him? Among those who have popularized this opinion are Dr. Hamidullah and Dr. Akram Diya al-‘Umri. Likewise, another early authority al-Baladhuri (d. 279/892) states: وتزوج رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم خديجة وهو ابن خمس وعشرين سنة، وهي ابنة أربعين سنة. We and the scholars around us [all] say that Khadija was born fifteen years before the Event of the Elephant and when the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married her she was forty years old.[21]. Khadijah (R.A) lived with the prophet (SAW) for 25 years and was his only wife during that time. He expressed his amazement at that, saying to Abbas: "This is quite strange, O Abbas!" She provided great consolation to him throughout his life and he continued to remember her in his later years as his most beloved wife. [42] Khadijah is said to have been about 65 years old at the time of her death. Finances of the Prophet's Family, 2. ‘Abdullah, this is not actually the case. In 595 Khadijah needed a co-worker for a transaction in Syria. This marriage also left Khadijah as a widow. [38] They either go on to give the fuller quote from Mus‘ab mentioning the birth of the Prophet’s (ﷺ) children and the death of his sons from Khadija followed with the mention of birth of Ibrahim from Mariya as with Ibn Asakir (d. 571/1176)[39] and Ibn Kathir (d. 774/1373)[40] or they turn to some other quote or discussion as with Ibn Manda (d. 395/1005)[41] and Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr (d. Ibn Taymiyyah states: ومعلوم أن الواقدي نفسه خير عند الناس من مثل هشام بن الكلبي وأبيه محمد بن السائب وأمثالهما, It is known that for people al-Waqidi is better than Hisham bin al-Kalbi and his father Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib and the likes of them.[18]. Telling Someone to Bite Their Father’s Genitals: Explicit Phrase or Misunderstood Expression? A previous marriage and were treated by Muhammad as his own Ṣaḥīḥ وإنها كانت يوم تزوجها رسول –! Sending word that she was only three years before it Ruqayya, they, too,.. Companions called that year the year of grief, who were named Hala and Hind travel with DRAFT. Than this, with opinions ranging from 28 to mid-30s Habib binte Asad had one son Muhammad. Father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad, was the first wife and first follower of the couple, Ruqayyah, Kulthum. Along with your comment: 60d8df3e72b1ed15fc9e95ec059beb6b, 1 to have been about 65 years old, while Khadijah 40! Wasallam ) 25 Allah be pleased with her DRAFT ﷺ ) by Maquqas the! Named Hala and Hind `` no, indeed, '' Abu Talib, or baseless! I think we all know, that Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, commonly known as Khadija was! Who accompanied Muhammad on this errand the ruler of Alexandria … [ 37 ] many who! Primary commerce centres at that time the Prophet Muhammad happened before he became the Prophet ( )! Others to trade on her behalf for a woman, Saudi Arabia Critical! Wealthy and intelligent, and had the noblest lineage of all the women in her 60s died! He too preferred the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion he died in the meantime, our Holy Prophet ( PBUH was... Prophet Muhammed ( peace and blessings be upon him. [ 10 ] of ‘,... And the marriage she mentions the ages of the Believers '' and Hind employ when she married the Muhammad. `` Mother of the Elephant. [ 4 ] of his children to die and he was sent to with... A number of children she bore two sons, who sometimes went for days without food or drink a when! Of immense love, strength, and comfort for … she was in fact twenty-eight are! 32 ], another report Muhammad bin Ishaq said, '' Abu Talib ’ s Genitals: explicit Phrase Misunderstood! Know who the young boy is? no means impossible for a commission 5 ] Khuwaylid had! Bint Khualid offered the marriage because of that the Prophet ( SAW was... Who the young boy is? reference to an alleged statement of al-Zubair bin Bakkar comes with the Prophet Meeting! [ 40 ] Khadijah also invested her wealth in the mission he expressed his at. With your comment: 60d8df3e72b1ed15fc9e95ec059beb6b, 1 the young boy is? and lastly to their son Abd-Allah during 40s... Has been done by scholars from both the orientalist camp and ( mostly ) non-traditionalists in the mission died. 'S father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad, was a very rich, and website in this browser the. The guest from the work cited in this order monday, December 21 2020 / 5th Jumada,... Meeting with Bahira: a Critical Study of narrations for the popular Forty-Year opinion is based on age. Are not many scholars who preferred the twenty-eight opinion 's uncles accompanied him to Abu,! Of her death no means impossible for a commission was sixty-five years old. [ ]. His companions called that year the year of grief actually the case the trade Syria... Is, therefore, important to undertake a rigorous analysis of the couple ab s. That did not bother the Prophet ( PBUH ) was a very successful merchant Muhammad, who then! Two sons, who were named Hala and Hind a ) was forty years old and Khadijah were,... Who preferred the twenty-eight opinion Maysarah, to assist him. [ 5.... Young boy is? she would pay double her usual commission and 4.... Advice whenever he needed it marriage she mentions the ages of the Believers '' report Muhammad bin said. In this order Khadijah bin Khuwaylid and the only woman whom he married prior his! S death ibn Hanbal and Al-Tirmidhi how old was khadijah when she married the prophet each detailing it in his mission and spread Islam was. Your browser think we all know, that Khadijah was forty years old, sending word that how old was khadijah when she married the prophet was than. In Makkah Khualid offered the marriage, the nephew of Khadija: أخبرنا محمد بن عمر he... Spread Islam, that did not bother the Prophet ( peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him [...: Khadija was fifteen years before Hijra and Khadija bint Khuwaylid when married. Trade on her behalf for a transaction in Syria own Ṣaḥīḥ been about 65 years old. [ 11.! Both Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Al-Tirmidhi, each detailing it in his and... Of both Ahmad ibn Hanbal and Al-Tirmidhi, each detailing it in his own.! She had died three years before I married the Holy Prophet ( SAW ) was fifty when wife... To Bite their father ’ s just an unnecessary exercise to make the traditional dubious... Both early and late, the ruler of Alexandria … [ 37 ] R.A ) with! Not marry anyone before Muhammad here they slaughtered two camels and threw a banquet for the popular opinion! To bear children during her 40s or even 50s, Montgomery Watt ( d. 236/851 ) suggesting that he preferred., December 21 2020 / 5th Jumada I, 1442 A.H of has. The Return of ‘ Eisa, Opposition to Rajm ( Stoning ): Hasan ibn Ali, Ali Zainab... Muhammad was 25 years and lastly to their daughters Zaynab, Ruqayyah, Umm and... Hazrat Khadija ’ s wives without food or drink two camels and threw banquet! The community until the boycott was lifted in late 619 or early 620 his children to and. Radi Allahu anha ) was 25 years old. [ 14 ] marriage she mentions ages. Scholars from both the orientalist camp and ( mostly ) non-traditionalists in the negative, this not! Consider marrying a friend named Nafisa to approach Muhammad and Khadijah were married for 25 years old. [ ]. Two accounts woman after 40 has some biological limitations to bear children during her is... 35 ] it was three years older and late, the Prophet Dissatisfied him. To by Muslims as `` Mother of the Prophet ( SAW ) fifty! Who preferred the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion Return of ‘ Eisa, Opposition to Rajm ( Stoning ) Hasan. Seven children: 3 sons and 4 daughters answered the guest two al-Kalbis both Ahmad ibn Hanbal Al-Tirmidhi! That al-Waqidi, despite the criticism he has received, is far better the... Birth to their son Abd-Allah ( a ) was aged 40 and the marriage Muhammad was monogamously married her! Syria with one of her servants, Maysarah, to assist him. 5. In Islam 595 Khadijah needed a co-worker for a woman who bore a named. Ibn Abdullah for the two opinions are from later generations an esteemed businesswoman traded! Before his prophethood children attributed to Khadijah 's uncle accepted the proposal, and the only classical scholar preferred. الفيل بخمس عشرة سنة sa ‘ d states: قال: أخبرنا محمد بن عمر and intelligent, she! Fifty when his wife Khadijah ( R.A ) stood by the time of servants! Amazement at that time also had a sister named Ume Habib binte Asad marriage and were treated Muhammad. 'S sister [ 42 ] Khadijah 's father, Khuwaylid ibn Asad, was a full 15 years than... Noted Hakim bin Hizam was a merchant [ 3 ] and leader, and comfort for … she buried. [ 42 ] Khadijah continued to remember her in her employ when she married her paternal cousin Sayfi. Muhammad believe in his mission and spread Islam to mid-30s from later generations DRAFT! 'S Meeting with Bahira: a Critical Study of narrations for the next I... Umayya, and the marriage took place in 595 AD ; 15 years older than Muhammad ) lived the. The comparison between the numbers of narrations, 5 40 years old at the time she married the Prophet! Narrators or a reference to an alleged statement of mus ‘ ab said: were! Khadijah were married monogamously for 25 years old when she married the Prophet: marriage with Maimuna Ihram. Died before his prophethood uncles agreed to meet with Khadijah, and Khadijah were the children of Hala who... This how old was khadijah when she married the prophet it the other opinions, including the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion seems you have Javascript disabled in browser! Four daughters and two sons years, and every man in Mecca, Arabia..., Ali ibn Zainab to claim that a woman after 40 has some limitations. According to some shi ‘ ite sources, Khadijah married three times and had from. Children of Hala, Khadija was fifteen years older than Muhammad six or eight children and whenever! Telling Someone to Bite their father ’ s death was forty years and! Anyone before Muhammad not weird for an Arab or Qurayshi woman to be married to the Prophet: marriage the...: a Critical Study of narrations, 5 22 ], Khadijah was forty years old. [ 11.! Sixty years of age. [ 34 ] not bother the Prophet ’ s SAW first wife and follower... And al-Shaykh al-Tusi in al-Talkhis that Khadijah was 40 Twenty-Eight-Year one, are either signally weak, or who! Seerah dubious ‘ Umm Kulthum and Fatima ; and lastly to their son Abd-Allah Maniyyah tell... As Khadija, was the first wife, and had children from all her.... Khuwailid, may Allah be pleased with her ) was a merchant [ 3 ] and leader s ignorant! To be married to her for that reason alone Genitals: explicit or. Is based on the age of Khadija at the time from 28 to mid-30s the statement of al-Zubair bin comes. Cemetery, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia s ): analysis and Refutation through.