Note: although these ships are grouped together as a single class, there were many significant differences between the first two units, Yarra and Parramatta (Type 12M), the second two units, Stuart and Derwent (modified Type 12M) and the final two units, Swan and Torrens (Type 12I). HMAS Diamantina, Royal Australian Navy, WW2 River Class Frigate Copyright © 2020. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. By the 1990s, all six ships had left service. Filed Under: Naval Historical Review, Ship design and development, Ship histories and stories Tagged With: Type 12 Frigate, River Class Frigate, Australian Naval History Podcasts [9] Swan was scuttled as an artificial reef in 1997. Australia’s Hunter class, like the British Type 26 City class it is based on, has a degree of modularity built into its design. Add new page. [9], During the mid-1970s, Yarra underwent a half-life refit, which included the removal of her remaining Limbo, and installation of a Mulloka sonar. In 1967, Derwent’s ship’s company assisted in fighting bushfires in Tasmania, whilst Stuart was one of the first naval vessels to arrive in Darwin after the devastation of Cyclone Tracy. This podcast series examines Australia’s Naval history, featuring a variety of naval history experts from the Naval Studies Group and elsewhere. In September 1981, Swan gained the distinction of being the first RAN warship to visit China in 32 years, when she called into Shanghai. Search Sign In Don't have an account? The River class was a ship class … The model is closely configured to represent the Australian ships of the class. … HMAS Sydney II and the HSK Kormoran Shipwreck Sites, Admiralty House, Garden and Fortifications, Royal Australian Naval Transmitting Station ACT, Heritage Tour of Northern End of Garden Island, First Victory, Musical Composition by Petty Officer Musician Martyn Hancock. Guided missile systems to counter aircraft and submarine threats were added from 1963 to 1967, including the quadruple Seacat launcher in place of the Bofors and the Australian designed Ikara launcher for the after Limbo. Over the thirty seven years that the class was in service, a good proportion of the Navy’s officers and sailors of all ranks and seniorities served in them. The departure from service of Yarra in November 1985, and Torrens in 1998 was also marked by a thirteen year gap. This category contains the River-class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy . Popular pages. Register Military. Stuart became the first of the River class to be homeported to HMAS Stirling in Western Australia, in January 1984. HMS Rother and HMS Spey were launched in late 1941, and Canadian and Australian construction continued through 1944. Constructed in the mid-1940s, Diamantina was active from 1945 until 1946, was placed in reserve, then was recommissioned as a survey ship from 1959 until 1980. Dzerzhinsky 054, Soviet Krivak III Class Frigate – The Project 1135 Burevestnik (Storm Petrel) class were a series of frigates or guard ships (patrol boats). HMAS Diamantina (K377/F377/A266/GOR266), named after the Diamantina River in Queensland, is a River-class frigate that served the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). [5], Weapons fit for the first four ships at commissioning consisted of two 4.5 inch Mark 6 guns in a single twin turret, two 40 mm Bofors in a twin mount, and two Limbo anti-submarine mortars. Two more ships were ordered in 1964, following the Melbourne-Voyager collision; these were based on the Type 12I (or Leander-class) frigate. [5] Maximum range was 3,400 nautical miles (6,300 km; 3,900 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph). Then, following a devastating earthquake in Bali in 1976, Parramatta was diverted to render assistance to the local community. From 1961 to 1998, varying numbers of the long-serving Type 12 (or River class) antisubmarine frigates served in the Royal Australian Navy. An era in the RAN finally ended on 11 September 1998, when the White Ensign was lowered on the last River class destroyer escort Torrens. History. [1] Originally six were planned, with construction to be split between Cockatoo Island Dockyard in Sydney and Williamstown Naval Dockyard in Melbourne, but only four were approved. [4], At the start of 1984, Stuart became the first RAN vessel permanently assigned to HMAS Stirling, the new base in Western Australia. [2][3], In 1964, the aircraft carrier Melbourne collided with the destroyer Voyager, resulting in the destroyer's sinking. The River class was a class of six destroyer escorts (originally designated anti-submarine frigates) operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). The Hunter class frigate is a future class of frigates for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) to replace the Anzac-class.Construction is expected to begin in 2020, with the first of nine vessels to enter service in the late 2020s. Australian Naval Infrastructure will soon hand over the Osborne Shipyards in Adelaide, South Australia to ASC Shipbuilding to construct Hunter Class Frigates. All of the frigates experienced operational service in south-east Asia and represented the Navy in many international exercises including RIMPAC in the Hawaiian Islands. Based on the British Whitby and Rothesay classes, four Australian variants were initially constructed at the Cockatoo Island and Williamstown Naval Dockyards, with each site delivering one frigate from each of the two early sub-groups. [9], Yarra was decommissioned on 22 November 1985. [4], The ships had a displacement of 2,150 tons at standard load and 2,700 tons at full load. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. The Type 12 anti-submarine frigate HMAS Parramatta, the first of six River Class Destroyer Escorts, was constructed for the Royal Australian Navy at Cockatoo Island Dockyard as ship numbers 199. Later Swan was based there from December 1985, then Derwent from January, 1987 and finally, Torrens from September 1991. Early River class units were available for the turning point convoy battles of the winter of 1942-43. [9], During 1967 and 1968, Stuart and Yarra were used to escort the troop transport HMAS Sydney on voyages to Vietnam. The River class was a class of six destroyer escorts (originally designated anti-submarine frigates) operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). The first two vessels had some slight modifications to the design, while the next two underwent further changes. FANDOM. Stuart and Derwent, the second pair to commission, gained distinction as the first ships to enter service with Ikara and Seacat respectively, both fitted during building. Apr 14, 2019 - Explore Malcolm Taylor's board "River Class Frigates" on Pinterest. The ten year gap between the delivery of the first frigate, Parramatta, and the last, Torrens, witnessed a gradual improvement in the capabilities of the ships as well as changes to their external appearances. Then in 1983, Stuart and Yarra visited Shanghai with the destroyer tender HMAS Stalwart. 4/1999. The second group, comprising HMA Ships Derwent and Stuart were commissioned on 30 April 1963 and 28 June 1963. As the modernisations progressed, the number of ships to be modified was reduced from five to three units, Parramatta completing in late 1981, Stuart in late 1983 and Derwent in May, 1985. She was the sixth ship of her class to be completed. River-class 1941 class of frigates of the Royal Navy. The plaque commemorates the Royal Australian Navy (R.A.N.) River-class frigate * List of River-class frigates; A. 4/1999. [5] The other ships of the class were decommissioned during the 1990s. These ships also featured a special Ikara aperture on the starboard side aft, (from where the missile was launched), the radar re-sited further aft and lower on the superstructure, a more squat funnel and a redesigned bipod mast. The River class frigates were by this stage re-categorised as destroyer escorts. [1] The second pair, Stuart and Derwent, were modified to carry the Type 199 variable depth sonar over the stern; the Type 199 was unsuccessful and later removed. Two were sunk as part of tests, and a third was scuttled as an artificial reef, while the other three ships were scrapped. River Class Frigates, and the men who served in them in war and peace from 1942 to 1979 The River-class frigates which are all named after Australian rivers, were built in Australia. The River-class frigates were a class of over 200 frigates launched between 1941 and 1944 for use as anti-submarine convoy escorts in the Atlantic and Pacific. The Loss of HMAS Armidale by Dr Kevin Smith, D-Day commando on Sword Beach by Commander Jim Speed DSC, RAN. Wikipedia Citation. From 17 July to 21 July officers and sailors from Parramatta worked alongside locals in helping to clean up and rebuild around the town of Seririt. Twelve of these Australian-built frigates were to enter service with the Royal Australian Navy. Fazio, Vince. [9], Derwent was sunk during explosives testing in 1994. First, the ships’ maximum displacement was raised from 4,100t to 4,200t by increasing their longitudinal, deck and bulkhead strength, and raising the V lines. Twelve of these Australian built frigates were to enter service with the Royal Australian Navy. Most visited articles. “The River-class frigates are all named after Australian rivers, were built in Australia and were in service with the RAN from 1942-1979,” Mr Snowdon said. [9] Torrens was torpedoed by the Collins-class submarine Farncomb during a weapons test in 1999. See more ideas about river, warship, royal navy ships. Life on the Line tracks down Australian war veterans and records their stories. 2006, English, Book, Illustrated edition: River class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy : a story of the ships built in Australia / by Vince Fazio. The River class was a class of six destroyer escorts (originally designated anti-submarine frigates) operated by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Twelve of these Australian built frigates were to enter service with the Royal Australian Navy. They represented the backbone of the Fleet. A River-class frigate, HMAS Macquarie (K532) circa 1952. Twelve of these Australian built frigates were to enter service with the Royal Australian Navy. When first proposed, the new ASW frigates were estimated to cost approximately $4 million per ship, with building scheduled to begin in 1954. Two more ships were ordered in 1964, following the Melbourne-Voyager collision; these were based on the Type 12I (or Leander-class) frigate. 253,262 Pages. The River class was conceived as replacements for the Second World War vintage Q class destroyers, which were converted to fast anti-submarine frigates. As well as serving in the warship role, the River class destroyer escorts have served as diplomats. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. Life on the Line Podcasts [7] Stuart was the first RAN ship fitted with Ikara, and Derwent the first to carry Sea Cat. Media related to River class destroyer escort of the Royal Australian Navy at Wikimedia Commons, For other naval ship classes of the same name, see, River class destroyer escort of the Royal Australian Navy, Naval Shipbuilding - Some Australian Experience, "Canadian Innovations in Naval Acoustics from World War II to 1967", List frigates of the Royal Australian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=River-class_destroyer_escort&oldid=969971257, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Destroyer escort (previously anti-submarine frigate), Scuttled as artificial reef, 21 December 1994, Scuttled as artificial reef, 14 December 1997, This page was last edited on 28 July 2020, at 13:42. In August 1950, the Australian government announced plans to acquire a new class of anti-submarine warfare frigates, based on the British Type 12M (or Rothesay-class) frigate design. [1] The first two ships, Parramatta and Yarra, were based directly on the Rothesay class, with changes to fire control system, air warning radar, and habitability to meet RAN operating conditions. Sigma Class Frigate 10514 "Raden Eddy Martadinata" February 2017. Diamantina is one of twelve frigates built under the Commonwealth Government wartime shipbuilding programme. New ship service diesel generators and new solid state 400 Hz static frequency converters provide more reliable power. AE2 – Stoker’s Submarine, Musical Composition by Lieutenant Matthew Klohs RAN. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. River class frigates generally replaced the old Town and V&W class destroyers which had been assigned to ocean escort groups. Beyond that, the upgrades break … In 1941 the RAN approved the construction of River Class frigates but it was not the only Allied Navy to build this class of warship during World War II. 2003, River class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy : a story of the ships built in Australia / by Vince Fazio Slipway Publications Rooty Hill, N.S.W. Produced by the Naval Studies Group in conjunction with the Submarine Institute of Australia, the Australian Naval Institute, Naval Historical Society and the RAN Seapower Centre. Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. [citation needed], During their careers, the River-class ships spent most of their time in Australian waters or on multinational exercises, but were regularly deployed to the Far East Strategic Reserve, and saw service during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation. The ship was decommissioned only 17 days short of the 30th anniversary of the ship’s launching by Dame Zara Holt at the Cockatoo Island Dockyard, Sydney on 28 September 1968. 2006, River class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy : a story of the ships built in Australia / by Vince Fazio Slipway Publications Marayong, N.S.W. Wikipedia Citation. In an effort to maintain the capabilities of five of the vessels, a modernisation program was instituted, including the replacement of the original steam generator, an upgrade of the electrical system, a redesigned mast and funnel and a golfball radar dome. This category contains the River-class frigates of the Royal Australian Navy . The first pair, HMA Ships Parramatta and Yarra were commissioned on 14 July 1961 and 27 July 1961 respectively. [8] Modernisation was planned for Swan and Torrens during the mid-1980s, but a lack of funding meant that the ships only underwent a half-life refit. [8] In the early 1990s, the missile systems were removed from all active Rivers, with an Army RBS 70 unit available for use if required. Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. The future Hunter class frigates … This list may not reflect recent changes . Get this edition The former HMAS Diamantina is a River Class Frigate, designed in Great Britain and built in Australia. Her seven sister ships built in Australia, were Barcoo, Barwon, Burdekin, Gascoyne, Hawkesbury, Lachlan and Macquarie.. The River class frigates were by this stage re-categorised as destroyer escorts. “All but one of the River-class frigates were sold and scrapped after they were decommissioned, with HMAS Diamantina preserved as a museum ship at the Queensland Maritime Museum.” HMAS Yarra DE 45, named for the Yarra River, was a River class destroyer escort of the Royal Australian Navy. [5] Propulsion was provided by two double-reduction geared turbines, which supplied 30,000 shaft horsepower (22,000 kW) to two propeller shafts, allowing the vessels to reach 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). [6] During the 1960s, a quadruple Sea Cat anti-aircraft missile launcher was fitted in place of the Bofors, and one of the Limbo mortars was removed in favour of an Ikara missile launcher. This 1/1800 scale model represents the River class of frigates; one hundred and fifty-one were built. [5] Stuart and Derwent underwent similar modernisations between 1979 and 1985. Sister ships were Barcoo, Barwon, Burdekin, Gascoyne, Lachlan, Hawkesbury, Macquarie, Condamine, Culgoa, Murchison and Shoalhaven. Twelve of these Australian built frigates were to enter service with the Royal Australian Navy. Naval Historical Society of Australia Inc. [5] They were 370 ft. (113m) long, had a beam of 41 ft. (12.5m), and a draught of 13 ft. (3.9 m). [8], In 1992, reports of sexual harassment aboard Swan prompted investigations by the Australian Defence Force and a Senate committee review. English: The River class frigates served with the UK, Free French, Australian and Canadian navies in World War II and later. [5] Parramatta underwent a more extensive modernisation during the late 1970s, with a new fire control system, modification of the boilers and electrical system, and habitability improvements. A number of sovereign features will separate the Hunter variant of the GCS from the UK’s City class ASW frigates (Type 26), including integration of CEA Technologies’ new generation CEAFAR2 radar, Lockheed Martin’s Aegis Combat System and an Australian tactical interface developed by Saab Australia. Pages in category "River-class frigates" The following 5 pages are in this category, out of 5 total. Parramatta and Yarra, the first frigates delivered, were completed with a twin 40mm Bofors mounting and two triple barreled Limbo anti-submarine mortars mounted aft. [4] Unlike the previous four, the new ships were based on the more advanced Type 12I (or Leander-class) design. This article first appeared in The Australian Warship Review, Vol. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. The first pair, HMA Ships Parramatta and Yarra were commissioned on 14 July 1961 and 27 July 1961 respectively. [9] The other three ships were broken up for scrap. The first two vessels had some slight modifications to the design, while the next two underwent further changes. From 1961 to 1998, varying numbers of the long-serving Type 12 (or River class) antisubmarine frigates served in the Royal Australian Navy. Plans to acquire four vessels, based on the British Type 12M (or Rothesay-class) frigate, began in the 1950s. Damen Schelde Naval Shipbuilding has handed over the first SIGMA 10514 Perusak Kawal Rudal (PKR) frigate to the Indonesian Ministry of Defence, on schedule and on budget. [10] There were plans to keep her in service as a training vessel, but the decision was to keep HMAS Vampire active in this role, and Yarra was placed in reserve. This model includes three ships. The frigates will be built at the Osborne Naval Shipyard precinct in South Australia by an Australian workforce and provide Australia with a world-class, sustainable shipbuilding capability. [5] The ship's company consisted of 250 personnel. A change from the traditional Type 12 hull was incorporated into Swan and Torrens, whose design resembled the Leander general purpose frigate in service with the Royal Navy and Royal New Zealand Navy. [4] In order to replace the lost capability, the Australian government ordered another two River-class ships, Swan and Torrens. It’s something its designers at BAE Systems are proud of. The Defence Department confirmed BAE System's Hunter class frigate has become longer, while its weight has increased. Shipbuilding in South Australia is proving a bright spark in the economy with the first new construction shed for the nation’s $35 billion Hunter Class Frigate program now ready for action. Another feature of the design of the second pair, was the flushed hull on the port side aft, so designed to accommodate a control cabin and deck space for the contemporary variable depth sonar. This article first appeared in The Australian Warship Review, Vol. As well as serving in the warship role, the River class destroyer escorts have served as diplomats. Plans to acquire four vessels, based on the British Type 12M (or Rothesay-class) frigate, began in the 1950s. Yarra, meanwhile had undergone a limited half-life refit from October, 1976 to December, 1977, which included the fitting of the Australian designed Mullolca sonar. Plans to acquire four vessels, based on the British Type 12M (or Rothesay class) frigate, began in the 1950s. The model is an approximation and is not configured to represent any ship perfectly. The end of the River class era in the RAN began with the decommissioning of Yarra on 22 November 1985. A further ten were ordered but cancelled as the war drew to a close. Both dockyards again shared the construction of the fifth and sixth ships in the late 1960s and early 1970s. AE1 – The Ship without a Name, Musical Composition by Lieutenant Matthew Klohs RAN. The final pair, HMA Ships Swan and Torrens, were commissioned on 20 January 1970 and 19 January 1971. In 1986 during the RAN’s 75th Anniversary year, the 1961 veteran Parramatta also visited mainland China, while Swan was appointed the official guard ship for the defence of the America’s Cup in 1987. 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