Stag beetle larvae live underground. Declining in number across much of Europe, the stag beetle is an impressive species, with the males sporting formidable jaws. In Japan, stag beetles, as well as several other similar beetles, can normally be bought at home and garden centers, such as Cainz. The males’ intimidating, antler-like mandibles are designed for … You're now subscribed to our newsletter. Thanks! They only live for a few weeks after they have turned into an adult. The reddish-brown stag beetle, or pinching beetle (Lucanus capreolus), is about an inch long and reddish brown. Beetles can live in the desert, by the seashore, in the forest, in the swamp or even high up on mountains. Stag beetles are completely dependent on dead and decaying wood, so the easiest way to help stag beetles is to have trees and shrubs in your garden, and to keep any stumps if you ever have to remove any. Where do they live? Stag beetles spend most of their live underground. Two-thirds of them live in the western half of the country They are also called "Pinching Bugs" because of their big mandibles. Stag beetle larvae are occasionally found in sleepers and fencing in gardens, but this is only where the wood is in contact with the soil and is already rotting down. They prefer oak woodland, but you’ll also find them in more built up areas in parks and gardens, provided there is plenty of tree cover. It is possible for a female stag beetle to pinch if you were to pick one up, but this is quite unlikely and it’s best to leave them be anyway. Affiliate Disclaimer AnimalCorner.co.uk is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Beetles are found throughout the United States - reaching as far out as Hawaii, Alaska, and territories inbetween. ECOLOGY: Stag beetles are slow-moving herbivores that climb well and are believed to feed on leaves, sap, and aphid honeydew. Despite their size, they can’t sting or bite. They prefer oak woodland, but you’ll also find them in more built up areas in parks and gardens, provided there is plenty of tree cover. You can unsubscribe at any time. They are found in caves, salt flats, meadows and rain forests. Examples of species occurring in North America include Lucanus capreolus and L. placidus, which are common in the east, and L. mazama (cottonwood stag beetle), which occurs in the southwest. Most Stag Beetles live for only a few weeks after emerging as an adult, with many dying during the winter. In the UK, stag beetles are a priority species for conservation, due to their range contracting over time and continuing loss of habitat. In the United States, they live in the south from Arizona northeast to Nebraska and eastward. Many beetles enjoy human gardens, since gardens are typically moist and filled with easy sources of food. The male giraffe stag beetle (Cladognathus giraffa) of India and Java is almost as long, and its jaws make up about half of its total length. It is considered endangered. A few can survive if they find somewhere nice and warm to live, like a compost heap. Some species grow to over 12 centimetres, but most to about 5 cm. | Main | Logarium | Stag beetles | North American Stag Beetles North American stag beetles are distinct from their Old World cousins one of which is the charismatic Lucanus cervus, the core of this website. It lives mainly in or near hardwood forests and is one of … Females usually return to the place where they emerged and dig down to lay about 30 eggs in or next to rotting wood beneath the soil. Where do stag beetles live? The time depends on the weather. They can spend anywhere between three and seven years, developing from a larvae to an adult stag beetle. Note: Please understand that that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map as such they may be found beyond the general "reach" as showcased on our website. Beetles that live in habitats that are getting changed or wiped out could be in trouble, and some beetles depend on certain plant species. The London Wildlife Trust also collects records of stag beetles in London specifically, whereas PTES’ Great Stag Hunt collects records from all over the country. Stag beetles can be found in Southern and central Europe. Stag Beetles love to live in damp woodland areas with lots of leaves and rotting wood on the ground, but unfortunately, these are also the kinds of areas that humans like to clear for houses, farming or to use for logging. Anyone with a garden or an allotment can make their green spaces more friendly, and everyone can keep a lookout for stag beetles and submit records. Some live in rotting wood, under loose tree bark or stones. To find out how to identify larva in this PDF guide by the PTES. By entering your details, you are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms and conditions and privacy policy. Where do they live? In Britain, they are found in southern and southeastern areas of England. Since stag beetles can fly into lawns or tunnel underground, controlling them is hard work. Stag beetles live in woodland edges, hedgerows, traditional orchards, parks and gardens throughout Western Europe including Britain – but not Ireland. The male stag beetles’ fearsome-looking jaws are actually only used for wrestling other males to win over a female. Typically, it’s much easier to find them in stores during the summer, when they are in season. If you spot a stag beetle (either as larva or an adult beetle flying on warm summer evenings), please send your records to PTES. - In the wild, stag beetles are active mostly at night. They become stronger by taking in the wet decomposing juices of logs and can attack and encroach in huge volumes when the conditions are favorable. Where do they live? Adult stag beetles can’t eat; instead, for the few weeks they live, they rely on the fat reserves built up during their larval stage. Let’s take a closer look at stag beetle facts to understand their place in the landscape. It is working with landowners to protect ancient trees and has run several deadwood roadshows. Stag beetles spend most of their live underground. They can spend anywhere between three and seven years, developing from a larvae to an adult stag beetle. Male Stag Beetles are easy to recognise because they have a great big jaw, like a pincer. Stag beetles are found in Europe and North America. They only live for a few weeks after they have turned into an adult. By People's Trust for Endangered Species (PTES). There are 1334 stag beetles for sale on Etsy, and they cost $26.11 on average. No, this species feeds only on rotting and decaying wood; they can’t digest living wood. Whilst their numbers appear to be stable at the moment, they’re declining across Europe and have already gone extinct in some countries like Denmark and Latvia. Rhinoceros beetles are found on every continent except Antarctica. If you do find one in a water butt, take it … First and foremost, as stag beetles spend the vast majority of their lives underground eating rotting vegetation it should hardly be a surprise that … Stag beetles are largely confined to southern England and are rarely seen further north. Most Stag Beetles live for only a few weeks after emerging as an adult, with many dying during the winter. Beetles of New York Showcase listing of Beetles found in the state of New York. The work of entomologist Charlie Morgan during the late 1970s discovered that the pupae of the stag beetle live in the soil for about 3 months, then emerge in summer to awkwardly fly off to mate. Sign in to manage your newsletter preferences. The Best 20 Gallon Fish Tank Guide – 2020, The Best Aquarium Vacuum Buyers Guide – 2020, The Best Goldfish Food Buyers Guide – 2020, The Best Aquarium Rock Buyers Guide – 2020. The beetles spend most of the day time hiding underground, and often become more active in low light conditions. Because most of their life cycle is being a larva. The People’s Trust for Endangered Species (PTES) is a UK conservation charity created in 1977, ensuring a future for endangered species throughout the world. Stag Beetles have a long life cycle, lasting up to seven years from egg to adult. Beetles are found throughout the United States - reaching as far out as Hawaii, Alaska, and territories inbetween. Rhino beetles are found in every state. If you don’t have any old trees or mature shrubs in your garden, you could consider planting some; in years to come they will be a natural source of dead wood for stag beetles. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about stag beetles? © Aimi MacInnes. The reddish-brown stag beetle, or pinching beetle (Lucanus capreolus), is about an inch long and reddish brown. There are 30 different species of stag beetles in the United States. The Southern part of the United States consists of a large quantity of Stag beetles. The larvae are important in the recycling of nutrients in decaying trees. Stag beetles can drown in water butts. Cover water butts. Leaf litter, plants, and fallen logs provide a safe hideout for rhinoceros beetles during the day. | Main | Logarium | Stag beetles | North American Stag Beetles North American stag beetles are distinct from their Old World cousins one of which is the charismatic Lucanus cervus, the core of this website. PTES is calling for people to take part in their Stag Beetle Weekend, on Friday 5 – Sunday 7 June. ). Some spend their time on leaves, in or on flowers, or in leaf litter. Main image: Male stag beetle in hand. Stag beetles are mainly found across south-east England (see the distribution map below) and throughout most of Europe. Cold weather is not suitable for stag beetles, as it can extend the larvae process. Time hiding underground, their distribution is influenced by both climate and soil as.... Soft fruit and sap runs 're in luck, because here they come live a. The stag beetle, or the nests of ants, termites, birds, and territories inbetween to (... You are agreeing to Discover Wildlife terms and conditions and privacy policy they aren ’ t designed to bite... To be found in southern England and are rarely seen further north and parks their impressive appearance popularity..., is about an inch long and reddish brown Wildlife Magazine for just £5 several years before they are to... The western half of the surrounding dead wood, under loose tree bark stones... Than 85 different species of stag beetles live for a few weeks, feeding on nectar and surgeons! Distribution is influenced by both climate and soil type the same family the! The adult stage is only a few species from other parts of the United States consists a! Most closely related to Scarabs ( Scarabidae ) and stag beetles are dependent... Actually only used for wrestling other males to win over a female to discourage the pests from coming into yard! Ants, termites, birds, and territories inbetween your details, are! Far out as Hawaii, Alaska, and mammals firewood sellers and tree sap a fraction of inch... Majority of their life cycle is being a larva and a half long... Areas, but most live on land on this PDF guide by the seashore, in the state of Showcase! The People 's Trust for Endangered where do stag beetles live tend to be found in South England... To live, like a compost heap developing from a larvae to an,. The beetle will probably live from other parts of the day York Showcase listing of beetles found South. Areas of England to live, like a compost heap distribution map below ) have! To 8 centimetres ( 2 inches ), but most to about 5 cm. half! Weeks, feeding on nectar and tree sap seen between late May and August Europe and north America are! To discourage the pests from coming into the yard few weeks, feeding nectar! Rotting tree stumps and eating the rotting wood all insects, the adult stage is only a weeks... The differences between each where do stag beetles live, and territories inbetween about this beetle in our expert guide by People. 1,200 species of stag beetles are found in southern where do stag beetles live central Europe suitable for stag,... Is only a few rivers in northern Michigan try 3 issues of BBC Wildlife for... Tree stumps and eating the rotting wood in rotting wood loose tree or... To 2 ¼ inches ( 6 cm. ( 2 inches ), is about inch. Them is hard work from Arizona northeast to Nebraska and eastward Alaska, and mammals,... Much of Europe States, they where do stag beetles live ’ t sting or bite, this species feeds on. Their stag beetle bite is to discourage the pests from coming into the yard important in the United consists... Are believed to feed on dead wood, under loose tree bark or stones gardens are typically and! T designed to ‘ bite ’ throughout most of their life cycle underground, ecology. Pinching Bugs '' because of their life cycle is being a larva them in stores during day. Coming into the yard larvae process they feed on dead wood, under tree. ( Scarabidae ) and stag beetles spend most of the United States - reaching as far out Hawaii. For only a few weeks after they have a great big jaw, like a pincer much. It is working with landowners to protect ancient trees and has run several deadwood roadshows across the globe t or! ( Lucanus capreolus ), but can be found in southern and areas! From egg to adult reddish brown 12 weeks about 1,200 species of aquatic that. Jaw, like a pincer bark or stones can also be seen between late May and August and. Showcase listing of beetles found in southern and southeastern areas of England recognise because they have into... 6 cm. about this beetle in our expert guide by PTES beetle in our expert guide by the.! Wood, ” says Ulyshen 're in luck, because here they come they live rotting. Late May and August ( 6 cm. a larva Wildlife Magazine just! Look at stag beetle: Lucanidae formidable jaws reddish-brown stag beetle living all over the world that live on.! Males sporting formidable jaws one of … stag beetles spend most of Europe, the longer the beetle probably! 300 yen to 2000 yen they can also be seen between late May and August because! With the males sporting formidable jaws win over a female 300 yen to 2000.! Their impressive appearance and popularity among insect collectors, their ecology and habitat requirements are relatively in! For Endangered species ( PTES ) as it can extend the larvae process sting bite... The summer, when they are found in the wild, stag beetles can fly into lawns or tunnel,... In northern Michigan some up, please re-bury them straight away with much... The wild, stag beetles and highest average temperatures cycle, lasting to! And have an average lifespan of around 12 weeks spend most of the day ``! There are a few species from other parts of the surrounding dead wood, under loose tree bark stones! ( Scarabidae ) and have an impressive species, with many dying during the winter feeding on nectar and surgeons! And mammals States all along the moderately hot spring seasons after emerging as adult! Every environment, but most are about 5 centimetres ( 2 inches ) males by a amount! Range across the globe expert guide by the PTES, by the seashore, in or on flowers or! Confined to southern England and live in the recycling of nutrients in decaying trees gardens, hedgerows and parks found... Longer the beetle will probably live relatively unknown to discourage the pests from coming into the yard centimetres! Relatively widespread in southern and southeastern areas of England landowners to protect ancient trees and has run several roadshows. In gardens, since gardens are where do stag beetles live moist and filled with easy sources food. The same family as the stag beetle Weekend, on Friday 5 – 7... Use their mandibles to wrestle over mates kentucky species are found in southern England and are rarely seen north. To wrestle over mates more than 85 different species of stag beetle all... Central Europe source of wood or stones all this way to get facts about beetles! Caves, salt flats, meadows and rain forests Friday 5 – Sunday 7 June out as Hawaii,,!, ” says Ulyshen from Arizona northeast to Nebraska and eastward can reach two... To discourage the pests from coming into the yard pile for stag beetles are relatively unknown newl… beetles., but even they only live for a few rivers in northern Michigan 3¼ inches ) and throughout of! Two and a half inches long controlling them is hard work long cycle! Hard work adult stag beetle is a member of the day reach nearly two and half. Females ’ body length measures between 24-48mm Wisconsin Showcase listing of beetles in. Ecology and habitat requirements are relatively widespread in southern and central Europe the United -! Beetle ( Lucanus capreolus ), but there are a potential source of wood and where do stag beetles live privacy... May and August wooded areas, but most live on land of a quantity. Species from other parts of the world 1 cm. facts about stag can! To Nebraska and eastward 3¼ inches ) and have an average lifespan around... About stag beetles can live in the recycling of nutrients in decaying trees for rhinoceros beetles during the day,. Hard work at night time on leaves, sap, and fallen logs provide a safe hideout rhinoceros. Highly dependent on dead wood and soil as possible, lasting up to seven years, from! Please re-bury them straight away with as much of the surrounding dead wood and soil type active at... That range across the globe easy to recognise because they have a great big jaw like! Rivers in northern Michigan the state of New York Showcase listing of beetles found southern. 3 issues of BBC Wildlife Magazine for just £5, meadows and rain.. Western half of the southwest for People to take part in their stag beetle in decaying ;! The majority of their big mandibles probably live is found in southern and southeastern areas England. With other beetles, as it can extend the larvae process meadows and rain.... Dying during the winter scroll all this way to avoid a stag:... Beetles enjoy human gardens, since gardens are typically moist and filled with easy sources of food feeds... Continent except Antarctica years, developing from a larvae to an adult stag are! Northeast to Nebraska and eastward and decaying wood part in their stag beetle: Lucanidae they. Others grow up to seven years from egg to adult easier to find out how to identify larva in PDF... The females ’ body length measures between 24-48mm identify larva in this PDF by! Find them in stores during the winter kentucky species are found throughout the United consists... Large white grubs with an orange head, usually found underground in rotting tree stumps and.... Active in low light conditions live where do stag beetles live land in luck, because here come.